Amino Acids are the building blocks of proteins. Proteins make up the bulk of cell structure and some serve as enzymes for catalyzing cellular activities.
When protein is broken down by digestion the result is 22 known amino acids. Eight are essential the rest are non-essential.
This is the best guide to the information and update on the bilding blocks of our body i.e. Protiens which are made of Amino Acids.
Most naturally-occurring amino acids are the l- form, whereas synthetically-produced amino acids give a 50:50 mixture. Notice that these molecules are mirror images of each other, thus there is no way you can rotate one molecule to make it look like the other.
To form protein, the amino acids are linked by dehydration synthesis to form peptide bonds. The chain of amino acids is also known as a polypeptide. Some proteins contain only one polypeptide chain while others, such as hemoglobin, contain several polypeptide chains all twisted together. The sequence of amino acids in each polypeptide or protein is unique to that protein, so each protein has its own, unique 3-D shape or native conformation . If even one amino acid in the sequence is changed, that can potentially change the protein's ability to function.
What are Amino Acids?
The 23 or so amino acids are the molecular building blocks of proteins. According to one accepted classification, 9 are termed indispensable amino acids (IAA, sometimes called essential), meaning that they must be supplied from some food or supplement source; the others, which used to be classified simply as nonessential, are now more correctly termed dispensable amino acids (DAA) or conditionally indispensable, based on the body's ability to synthesize them from other amino acids.
You may not give it much thought when you sink your teeth into a chicken breast (or lentil stew), but the content and balance of amino acids, particularly the ratio of IAA to DAA, is what determines the body and health building value of a protein food or supplement. But that isn't all that matters.
How much is usually taken?
Nutrition experts recommend that protein, as a source of amino acids, should account for 10-12% of the calories in a balanced diet. However, requirements for protein are affected by age, weight, state of health, and other factors. On average, a normal adult requires approximately 0.36 grams of protein per pound of body weight. Using this formula, a 140-pound person would need 50 grams (or less than 2 ounces) of protein per day. An appropriate range of protein intake for healthy adults may be as low as 45-65 grams daily. Some athletes have higher amino acid requirements. 2 Most American adults eat about 100 grams of protein per day, or about twice what their bodies need and at least as much as any athlete requires.