Arginine or I Arginine is a non-essential amino acid that the body can produce in the liver. In times of stress or injuries arginine becomes an essential amino acid. Arginine occurs naturally in the L(+) form, available as the glutamate and hydrochloride. Arginine, is a major constituent of the liver- detoxifying compound glutathione.
Arginine can increase secretion of insulin, glucagon, growth hormones. It aids in injury rehabilitation, formation of collagen and immune system stimulation. Arginine is a precursor of creatine, gamma amino butric acid (GABA, a neurotransmitter in the brain). Arginine may increase sperm count and T-lymphocyte response.
Molecular Weight - 174.20
Occurence - 5.22%
Arginine Food Sources
Peanuts, cashew nuts, piyal seeds, water melon seeds, and walnuts are high in arginine. Arginine amino acid is also found in green and root vegetables and it exists in a free state in such plants as garlic and ginseng.
Arginine Deficiency Symptoms
A variety of functions, including insulin production, glucose tolerance, and liver lipid metabolism, are impaired if the body is deficient in arginine.