Myxedema - Picture, Symptoms, Treatment of Myxedema Madness

   
Skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism

Pretibial Myxedema (PTM)

Pretibial Myxedema is an uncommon complication of Grave's disease, occurring in 1-4% of patients. There is a diffuse, non-pitting edema and thickening of the skin usually on the anterior aspect of the lower legs spreading to the dorsum of the feet.

Myxedema Coma

Myxedema coma, the extreme manifestation of hypothyroidism, is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition. Patients with hypothyroidism may exhibit a number of physiologic alterations to compensate for the lack of thyroid hormone.

Symptoms of Myxedema

weakness

fatigue

cold intolerance

Constipation

weight gain (unintentional)

depression

joint or muscle pain

thin, brittle fingernails

thin and brittle hair

paleness

Hypothyroidism, or underactivity of the thyroid gland, may cause a variety of symptoms and may affect all body functions. The body's normal rate of functioning slows, causing mental and physical sluggishness. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe, with the most severe form called myxedema, which is a medical emergency.

Treatment of Myxedema

Levothyroxine (T4) replacement. In elderly individuals, the starting dose should be low and increased slowly, so as not to precipitate any underlying heart disease.

 








 

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