Burns are injuries to tissue that result from heat, electricity, radiation, or chemicals.
Causes of burns
Burns are usually caused by heat (thermal burns), such as fire, steam, tar, or hot liquids. Burns caused by chemicals are similar to thermal burns, whereas burns caused by radiation, sunlight, and electricity tend to differ significantly.
Symptoms of burns
In general, signs and symptoms of burns differ according to the severity of the burn (as described above). Evaluation of the extent of the burn (that is, the amount of skin or body surface area that the burn covers) is important as well because it helps a healthcare practitioner assess the risk for such complications as infection, dehydration, and/or disfigurement.
There are 3 degrees of burns:
- Thin or superficial burns (also called first-degree burns)
- Thicker burns, called superficial partial-thickness and deep partial-thickness burns (also called second-degree burns)
- Full-thickness burns (also called third-degree burns)
Home remedies for burn treatment
Flame burn treatment : To put out the fire, roll the victim on the ground and wrap with rugs, blankets or a coat.
Chemical burn treatment : Wash thoroughly the burnt area under running tap water for atleast 30 minutes till the burning subsides.
Apply ice pack or cloth soaked in ice water and change them constantly
Homemade recipes for burn
Effective home remedy for burn using Colloidal silver has been used as a topical antiseptic for minor burns for over a century. Internal use of colloidal silver is not recommended for this burn condition.
Good home remedy for burn using Honey - In some traditional medical practices, honey is applied to the skin to prevent infection and heal wounds.
Simple home remedy for burn using Tea Tree Oil - In Australia, tea tree oil was used by aborigines and early settlers to treat burns.
Burns treatment - Dietary Cure of Burns with the following vitamins, minerals, nutrients and herbs:
- Traditional natural home remedy for burn using Aloe is another popular remedy for minor burns and a small preliminary study found it more effective than Vaseline in treating burns.
- Calendula cream may be applied to minor burns to soothe pain and help promote tissue repair.
- Despite a lack of research on the subject, using vitamin E topically on minor burns is a popular remedy. This makes sense, because some of the damage done to the skin is oxidative, and vitamin E is an antioxidant.
- Vitamin C, in combination with Vitamin E (for prevention of sunburn only)
- When skin is burned, a substantial percentage of micronutrients, such as copper, selenium, and zinc may be lost. This increases the risk for infection, slows the healing process, prolongs the hospital stay, and even increases the risk of death. Although it is unclear which micronutrients are most beneficial for people with burns, many studies suggest that a multivitamin including copper and other minerals may aid in the recovery process.