It is a plant of the genus Ficus of the mulberry family (Moraceae). Ficus carica (the common fig) which yields the well-known fig of commerce is indigenous to an area extending from Asiatic Turkey to India. It is a bush or small tree from a metre to 12 metres high with broad, rough, deciduous leaves, deeply lobed.
The figs provide calcium and phosphorus; the figs dry are also high out of iron. The figs are astrigent and carminative; the figs dry are given in the amounts of 150 grams with honey in the menorrhagia, hepatitis and the dysentery; the figs are very useful in diabetes; A dry fig decoction is excellent a collutoire for the throat endolorie and the complaints aphthous of the mouth.
The fig is a picturesque deciduous tree, to 50 ft tall, but more typically to a height of 10 - 30 ft. Their branches are muscular and twisting, spreading wider than they are tall. Fig wood is weak and decays rapidly. The trunk often bears large nodal tumors, where branches have been shed or removed. The twigs are terete and pithy rather than woody. The sap contains copious milky latex that is irritating to human skin. Fig trees often grow as a multiple-branched shrub, especially where subjected to frequent frost damage. They may be espaliered, but only where roots may be restricted, as in containers.
Benefit and uses of fig.
Juice kills bacteria
Juice kills roundworms