Chloride is one of the most important minerals in the blood, along with sodium, potassium, and calcium. Chloride helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of body fluids.
Food Sources of Chloride
Chloride is found in table salt as well as kelp, olives, tomatoes, celery etc.
Benefits and Functions of Chloride
Chloride is essential for the proper distribution of carbon dioxide and the maintenance of osmotic pressure in the tissues. It is necessary for the manufacture of glandular hormone secretions. It prevents the building of excessive fat and autointoxication. Chloride regulates the alkali-acid balance in the blood. It works, with potassium in a compound form. Potassium chloride is also essential for the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is needed for proper protein digestion. It is involved in the maintenance of proper fluid and electrolyte balance in the system.
What are the deficiency symptoms of Chloride?
Deficiency of chloride can occur when sodium chloride is restricted during the active phase of general oedema or hypertension. The symptoms produced are the same as those which occur with sodium chloride deficiency. Excessive loss of salt from the body due to perspiration can result in heat cramps . Deficiency may lead to loss of hair and teeth . It may also result in impaired digestion of foods and derangement of fluid levels in the body.
Overdosage Signs of Chloride
A high concentration of chloride in the body may result in fluid retention, but sodium is normally the culprit for the retention.