Molybdenum is silvery white in color and very hard,
Molybdenum essential mineral is required in extremely small amounts for nitrogen metabolism. It aids in the final stages of the conversion of purines to uric acid.
It is instrumental in regulating pH balance in the body.
It also helps promote normal growth and development, and may prevent anemia, tooth decay and impotency.
Food Sources of Molybdenum
Foods that grow above ground - such as peas, leafy vegetables (including broccoli and spinach) and cauliflower - tend to be higher in molybdenum than meat and foods that grow below the ground, such as potatoes. Foods particularly high in molybdenum include nuts, tinned vegetables, and cereals such as oats.
Benefits and Functions of Molybdenum
Molybdenum (Mo) is an essential nutrient for animals and humans. Tissue content of molybdenum is low, with the highest concentrations in the liver, kidney, adrenal gland and bone. It is a component of a number of enzymes, including sulfite oxidase (involved in the metabolism of sulfur amino acids), xanthine oxidase (involved in the oxidation of purines and pyrimidines and the production of uric acid), and aldehyde oxidase (involved in the oxidation of aldehydes). These enzymes share a common "molybdenum cofactor."
The Estimated Safe and Adequate Dietary Intakes of molybdenum is
about 75 to 240 µg/day by adults.
What are the deficiency symptoms of Molybdenum?
Molybdenum deficiency is extremely rare and has only been identified in the presence of other serious disorders. Metabolic defects in the molybdenum cofactor are characterized by the absence of the three molybdoenzymes. Both the deficiency and the metabolic disorders are accompanied by abnormal excretion of sulfur metabolites, low uric acid concentrations, and elevated hypoxanthine and xanthine excretion. The absence of sulfite oxidase in the metabolic disorder leads to death at an early age.
Overdosage Signs of Molybdenum
Some evidence suggests taking molybdenum supplements might cause joint pain. There isn't enough evidence to know what the effects might be of taking molybdenum supplements.