Description of Anal fissure
Anal fissure is an abnormal break or tear in the skin and lining tissue surrounding the anus.
Persons most commonly affected by Anal fissure
All age groups and both sexes, but it most often occurs in young children and infants and elderly people aged over 60 years. Also, more common in females than in males.
Organ or part of body involved in Anal fissure - anus.
Symptoms and indications of Anal fissure
Sharp, stabbing pain and bleeding on passing stool with the pain possibly persisting for some time and then subsiding. A person with symptoms of anal fissure should seek medical advice.
Treatment of Anal fissure
Treatment involves the taking of certain preparations that soften the stool or act as laxatives, and the use of lubricating suppositories to ease stretching and protect the anal tissues. Healing usually occurs naturally after a certain period of time, but occasionally hospital treatment and surgery may be needed. Warm sitz baths (containing salt solution or plain water) are helpful in easing pain.
Causes and risk factors of Anal fissure
The cause is thought to be overstretching of the anus from the passage of a hard, large stool, usually caused by constipation. To prevent constipation, plenty of fluids should be drunk and the diet should be high in fiber. An active lifestyle also helps to prevent constipation.